The world’s largest and longest-continuing mountain range is changing rapidly.
Its peak has fallen by more than a metre, and scientists are still trying to understand its effect on climate change.
But, from a historical perspective, it is also becoming a place where a whole new way of looking at mountain ranges is emerging.
“The mountain range that we’re seeing is a product of climate change,” said David Erskine-Smith, a climate scientist at the University of Tasmania, Australia.
“It’s about changing the landscape around it, it’s about shifting the topography of the mountain range.
The landscape is changing in many ways, but in particular the climate of the land itself.
If you look at the landscape as a whole, the mountains are moving.”
Ersk, who has written extensively on the impact of mountain ranges on climate, said the mountain ranges of the Himalayas are being shaped by climate change and are changing in ways that could impact the way humans interact with them.
“It would be a mistake to say there is no change in the Himalaya,” he said.
But he also said that the changes are being driven by factors that have not yet been adequately explained.
“We don’t have a fully integrated understanding of how mountain ranges change,” he told Climate Home.
It is possible that, like the sea-level rise we have seen on our coasts, we are simply seeing the tip of the iceberg.
But scientists are finding that the mountain regions that are currently changing the most are also the ones with the most change to come.
“There’s a lot of potential for this to be happening more quickly,” Ersnks said.
“For example, a new glacier is coming in and it’s very hard to predict when and how that glacier will form, so it’s quite a delicate process.
There are other changes that are occurring, like new drainage from glaciers or the changing landscape of the mountains.”
Climate change is also affecting the way the mountain glaciers move.
This is happening because the mountains themselves are changing.
“They are changing their shape,” Emskine said.
“There’s an underlying change in land structure and in climate, but we don’t know exactly what the underlying causes are.”
Ersnk also stressed that we are not seeing this mountain range in isolation.
The Himalayan ranges are being influenced by the global climate.
Climate change will be a major part of the research that scientists do, but he said that scientists are also looking at other factors that are affecting the Himalas.
“These changes will affect how we see the landscape in the future,” he explained.
For example:• Glaciers are melting.
This could be a positive change in climate for some regions.• Ice is melting in the lower latitudes, which is a positive development for the Himalays.• As the glaciers move west, the ice that once held water in the glaciers is now retreating, and this may also be a change in glacier behaviour.• The Himalayans are losing snowfall and ice cover.
• In the lower parts of the range, water levels are increasing.
However, Emsnk said that he and his colleagues are also trying to work out what is happening to the glaciers, and what these changes mean for the world’s glaciers.
As for the people living along the way, the changes that have been happening are likely to be felt by those who live along the mountains, said Erskl.
“We have to adapt.
There’s nothing to be done about it,” he added.